Relations between Ukraine and Europe have remained hostile ever since the Ukrainian President refused to sign the EU Association Agreement and fled to Russia. In November 2013, the Euromaidan Movement started as a series of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine where protesters demanded European Integration. Riots immediately followed and soon after, the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution. After a brief reprieve, violence struck again, this time being armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine between the Ukrainian Government and Russian-backed separatists. The continued fighting in the Eastern, Donbass region saw thousands of deaths and casualties. Many citizens were internally displaced and the thousands of refugees had to live in fraught conditions abroad. The Western regions of Ukraine are similarly in need of attention, currently suffering from dreadful economic repercussions, institutional burden, and high governmental inefficiency. This topic has arisen several times in the Security Council, but an effective solution has yet to be found. Delegates are expected to look into the root causes and monitor the current situation, and bring to light the war’s the sociopolitical implications. Delegates should also consider the role of the government to bring about reforms and policy changes, solutions to improving the economy and trade relations, mitigating Russian-American hostilities and the role of other private stakeholders. Level: Pre-university and above
As we attempt to establish harmony and stability internationally, there is a need to realize that Peace and Security go hand in hand with Sustainable Development. The 2030 Agenda builds on the understanding that by taking an integrated approach and including Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 16 on achieving peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice and building accountable institutions is provided. However, Ban ki Moon pointed out in the UNSC debate of November 2015 that UN action across the interdependent pillars of our work has yet to be properly integrated, namely: peace, development, and human rights. As the UN’s latest report on peace operations has made clear, “the international community is failing at preventing conflict”. The Council has previously discussed short-term operational conflict prevention, i.e, immediate crisis response, early warning systems, and mediation. While these solutions were helpful, they never touched upon conflict prevention on a larger and wider scale that focused on structural issues, i.e., the economic, social and political root drivers of conflict – and systemic, global issues that generate conflict. The inclusion of peace in the new development framework is not about reconfiguring existing institutional mandates within the UN. It is about generating a cohesive, preventative approach to development – addressing a significant gap in past approaches. Several countries question the relevance of the 2030 Agenda and the developmental approach in the UNSC. Some feel that it may allow for states to interfere in sovereign affairs, and steal the focus from immediate conflict prevention. While we look forward to a dynamic debate, it is imperative that the council comes to a consensus on this matter. Level: Pre-university and above
The Cholera outbreak in Haiti in 2010 has been recorded as the worst epidemic of cholera in recent history, according to the U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. According to UN figures, more than 770,000 Haitians have since been infected by the disease and nearly 10,000 have died from it since it broke out across the island nation in 2010. On 18 August 2016, Mr. Farhan Haq, a spokesman for UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, said that “over the past year the UN has become convinced it needs to do much more regarding its own involvement in the initial outbreak and the suffering of those affected by cholera”. These comments came after NYU Law professor and UN advisor, Mr. Philip Alston sent a report to Mr. Ban Ki-moon, in which he finally acknowledged, after 6 years of accusations from Haitians that MINUSTAH was to blame, that it was indeed the Nepali UN peacekeepers who introduced the epidemic. In a country that was already poor and recovering from the aftermath of an earthquake, this small oversight of the health standards of MINUSTAH peacekeepers, caused a devastating epidemic which has only gotten worse owing to Haiti’s lack of sanitation and minimal drinking water facilities. The council of WHO needs to act on this error by ensuring the stabilization of Haiti and decide whether a public apology by the United Nations is required for this oversight. Delegates will need to draft a comprehensive framework to guarantee the safety of member nations, by observing health codes and responsible procedure with regards to their own personnel. Mishaps like Haiti ought to be avoided in the future and it is the task of WHO to figure out how to prevent similar health catastrophes from occurring in the future.
Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. As of 2014, over 1.9 billion adults (18 years and older) are considered overweight. Of these, over 600 million are obese. Obesity is one of the most prevalent but widely neglected health problems. Ironically, it occasionally co-exists with undernutrition in the same countries, and even within the same households. A main cause of obesity is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. The increase in the intake of energy-dense foods and physical inactivity due to urbanization have led to increasing cases. It has the potential to affect all age and socioeconomic groups and is a threat to both developed and developing countries. Contrary to the popular notion, obesity is not confined to industrialized societies - it is estimated that over 115 million people in developing countries suffer from obesity-related problems like diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and stroke, and certain forms of cancer. Obesity increases the risk of premature death and reduces the overall quality of life, and may prove detrimental in serious cases. Delegates are expected to discuss the causes, risks and outcome of obesity and come up with a decisive framework to combat underlying consequences like the double burden of disease and best mend the Global Obesity Epidemic.
Over the past 50 years, there has been a stark rise in the number of people migrating between countries, to pursue work, to make a better life for their family or to seek protection. The number of migrants worldwide has risen from 75 million in 1960 to around 232 million presently. Migrant workers contribute to development in both origin and destination countries, therefore both the countries have a shared responsibility to lessen the burdens on them by protecting and promoting their rights. Protecting the rights of migrant workers has a positive effect on productivity, in that it results in fewer lost hours of work, reduces health care costs, and increases output. Negative public attitudes, language barriers, restrictive immigration regimes, poor legal protection, and lack of awareness are some factors that contribute to systemic patterns of human rights violations against migrant workers. The practice of irregular migration, in particular, poses a challenge as migrant workers in irregular status are most often excluded from labour and social rights making them prone to exploitation. They become victims of organized crime like human trafficking and modern day slavery like child labour, forced labour, etc. The council should discuss how existing conventions and treaties can be strengthened to minimize discrimination, safeguard the rights of women migrants, abolish forms of slavery, and end irregular migration.
Discrimination in the Workplace has unfortunately been a persistent issue in several nations. While the more extreme forms of discrimination have scaled down, there are new forms of discrimination developing each day such as discrimination based on disability, HIV/AIDS, age or sexual orientation. These minorities are often denied benefits, social protection, training, capital, land or credit. While there are certain provisions in place to aid minorities, the increase in the disparity of minority groups is making it difficult to cater to the needs of each and every individual in the workplace. The current growing trend of immigrants is making nationals extremely hostile in the workplace and has led to a sudden surge of increased xenophobia, racial and religious discrimination. Despite the company rules and policies, the management often neglects religious customs, shows a lack of respect for dress customs and holds bias in promotion or recruitment. Delegates are to consider the multiple aspects of discrimination present, consider the complex issues that are associated to why such prejudices even exist within the society. There is an urgent need to bridge the minority disparities and strengthen anti-discriminatory laws, with respect to the current nation specific scenario, to foster a healthy work environment which will, in turn, keep the economy of the country in check and curtail poverty and social exclusion.
The delegates of the Futurist Earth Council have one job: Don’t let planet Earth die. Each session is a single climate change accord. An entire decade will pass before that council reconvenes for the next session. In that period, wars will begin and end, regimes rise and fall, and through it, all the climate will continue to tick closer to doomsday. Unless the delegates can stop it. Unlike traditional councils, resolutions adopted by the council will not simply succeed and solve the problem. The solutions prepared by delegates will be subjected to the socio-political wringer, seeking to emulate the bitter and short-sighted politics of the modern world. With the world at stake, there is one truth that will rise up above the rest: When it comes to the planet, ecology is politics, and politics is everything. Level: Pre-university and above